On the day, When the country was celebrating its Constitution Day, a multitude of farmers from six states (Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan, Kerala, and Punjab) were protesting against the unconstitutional and undemocratic farm bill, functioning a protest, which has been in planning for two months for 26th November.
“Delhi Chalo’’ a call by the All India Kisan Sangharsh Coordination Committee and other various wings of Bhartiya Kisan Union with intensive participation of thousands of farmers opposing Central’s farm bills.
A march that outstarts from Punjab, a Congress-ruled state, crossing states border (Shambu Border, over Ghagga River) with Haryana, a BJP-ruled state where they encountered with cops, who were waiting with all vigor, they resisted after 2 hours feud, from blocking railway tracks, beating overnight rains and chilly winds to braving water cannons, tear gas and thrashing barricades to set their feet in the nation’s capital, Delhi.
— Satish Acharya (@satishacharya) November 26, 2020
What @narendramodi ji’s wonderfully pro-people government has ensured?
– 700% increase in farmer protests
– Draconian anti-farmer bill
– Atrocities on the farmers#FarmersProtest pic.twitter.com/UAkY94SPDg
— Banglar Gorbo Mamata (@BanglarGorboMB) November 26, 2020
So far, at least 13 farmers have lost their lives during the two-month-long protest, which has been largely a peaceful one.
Why dispute so disputes over 3 farm bills? The bills that have marked Punjab 26/11, specifically for ‘anna-daatas’ of the country, the bills are designed to redefine it by keeping middlemen away and improving farmers’ earnings by allowing them to sell their produce in the commercial market, anywhere in the country.
So, Where is the problem? This all started in September when the government put forward “three agricultural reforms’’ for farmers but their bills were downcast for and it was believed by the farmer and experts too that these bills will act as a weapon of exploitation and torment the food security of the country. These reform bills include :
1) A consumer or company to buy farmers’ produce outside the Agriculture Produce Market Committee (APMC). Presently, farmers from all over India can only sell their produce at the nearest registered markets regulated by state laws, also known as APMC.
2)Involves changes in the Essential Commodities Act 1955 under which the government has lifted the ban on the storage of potatoes, onions, pulses, oilseeds, etc.
3)Farmer’s agreement on price assurance or safety and farm services under which the government will promote contract farming.
What other says…..”There is a fear in farmers that it will reduce their earnings and give more power to large retailers and it will also terminate the tradition of buying grain at guaranteed prices, a move that would dismantle a minimum support price system (MSP) that has so confirmed a well-timed return to farmers. “The most unfortunate thing here is that there has been no consultation with Farmer Organizations regarding these new laws. The farmers will become laborers in their land,” said Abhimanyu Kohar, national coordinator of Rashtriya Kisan Mahasangh — a federation of 180 farmer organizations in India. Instead of farmers, companies will benefit from these ordinances as 85% of farmers in India are small farmers who do not have storage facilities, he added.
“Three farm legislations, along with proposed Electricity (Amendment) Bill, 2020, are clearly against the interests of farmers and landless workers, and the time-tested agriculture marketing system established not only in Punjab but also in Haryana and western Uttar Pradesh,” Amarinder Singh (CM, Punja) told the Assembly.
“The most unfortunate thing here is that there has been no consultation with Farmer Organizations regarding these new laws. The farmers will become laborers in their land,” said Abhimanyu Kohar, national coordinator of Rashtriya Kisan Mahasangh – a federation of 180 farmer organizations in India. Instead of farmers, companies will benefit from these ordinances as 85% of farmers in India are small farmers who do not have storage facilities, he added.
Currently, The center has called the farmers for another round of negotiations on December 3, 2020. The first round last month failed as both the Agriculture Minister and his deputy did not turn up. As a result, the farmers then decided to make their point with the huge protest march involving around 500 farmer organizations.