In the northern states, border disputes are frequently violent. The boundaries of these states are tied to Assam and are known as the “Seven Sisters”. As a result, these disputes have a direct and significant impact on Assam. It has conflicts with practically all of its neighbours. Last year, the border conflict between Assam and Mizoram escalated to the point of bloodshed. Conflicts emerge with Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, and other states. In truth, when these states were carved out of Assam, they did not use a scientific technique to determine their borders, and as a result, these governments have been demanding their rights to various territories.
For nearly fifty years, Assam has had a border dispute with Meghalaya. There were disagreements in twelve different areas. Six of them have now settled their border conflict. The Chief Ministers of Meghalaya and Assam negotiated an agreement on the six-area border issue in the presence of the Union Home Minister. Without a doubt, this is a historic endeavour that could set a precedent for addressing border disputes between other states and Assam.
When new states are founded, however, establishing their boundaries can be tricky. Many states still have border conflicts today. However, there are several reasons for the formation of territorial disputes with Assam in the northeastern regions. In fact, the northeastern states encompass diverse tribes, each with its unique culture, therefore they have historical identities to which they are profoundly committed.
As a result, tribal identities frequently clash over their historical significance and identity. Tensions between Assam and Meghalaya frequently arose for the same reasons. The dispute over a tract of land containing 36 settlements in six locations on both states’ common boundary has been settled. Both states’ territory has been partitioned. For this, a committee was formed, and the boundary was redrawn based on discussions with the villagers, taking into consideration their historicity, identity, and culture among other factors. Both states came to an agreement on it.
However, because the disagreements in these six locations were not particularly serious, the initiative to establish boundaries in these areas was taken initially. The conflict is seen to be more in the remaining six locations, where the mediation will begin later. Obviously, the sources of the most recent agreement will be useful in this regard.
This accord has naturally instilled trust in the two sides, able enough to avoid conflicts. However, it cannot be regarded as definitive. Similarly, in Mizoram, an initiative was taken to settle the territorial dispute during a meeting of the Chief Ministers of both states, which was chaired by the Home Minister.
However, only a few months later, the border dispute there became so bitter that the police forces of both states engaged, losing six officers.
Despite the fact that both states are governed by the same political party, their chief ministers are suing one other. As a result, it must be assured that a situation like this does not emerge in Meghalaya. Respect for ethnic identity and culture must be preserved among the people of the villages located on both states’ borders in order to achieve this. Both state governments will have to create a favourable atmosphere for this to happen.
Also Checkout: Explained: What are Articles 355, 356 of Indian Constitution and why is the opposition pressing for it in West bengal?
Leave a Reply