World Population Day was established by the governing council of the United Nations Development Programme on July 11, 1989. This Day is celebrated to create awareness about population issues. The day is Meant to focusing people’s attention on population issues and how it affects overall growth, development plan, and programs.
The growing population
As per the projection estimates from the UN, every year, nearly 83 million people are added to the rapidly growing worldwide population. With this, the global population is projected to reach 8.5 billion by 2030, 9.7 billion in 2050, and 11.2 billion by 2100.
The World Population Prospects 2019 has estimated China and India to be the most populated countries in the world. Currently, about 61% of the total global population lives in Asia (4.7 billion), followed by 17% in Africa (1.3 billion), and 10% in Europe (750 million).
Therefore, China (19%) and India (18%) account for two of the most densely populated countries in the world. The data suggests that by 2027, India is likely to overtake China in terms of population growth alone, as China’s population growth is projected to decrease by 2.2% (31.4 million) between the years 2019-2050.
One of the greatest threats that growing population causes is the quick depletion of natural resources and the threat that it poses to sustainability. However, apart from this threat, World Population Day should also be looked at how to fight overpopulation in India. Due to overpopulation, India is facing huge social problems in unemployment, lead to an increase in social and religious conflicts, poverty, and pollution in today’s time. A root cause of it all can be blamed on overpopulation. Overpopulation is that common thread running through most of our problems as we know that population growth affects everything starting from lack of resources per individual to competitions in limited opportunities. If we control our demands in different fields its natural that slowly and steadily our problems will be solved.
Recently the government of India proposed the population control bill in which they propose that, since common masses are the taxpayers of this country, every family should limit themselves to two children and the government will fund their education and basic needs. If they want to have more children then the responsibility of the third-fourth or Fifth Child should be on the family and not on the Government and the amount of the taxpayer. Many pieces of research show that in India a large chunk of women population is not aware of their rights and has no control over their physical body and sexual decisions. Many women in the country who have more than five children, never wanted to have more than two children. Due to the family obsession with sons and pressure from in-laws and husband she is forced to bear so many children.
The austerity of a human being to exploit women and act in the name of religion, culture, or to accomplish their selfish purpose is the real cause of every major destruction. Women are traumatized in more obvious ways than by tanks in the streets. The oppression starts innocuously. It mostly begins with families. This everyday violence is the product of a culture that bestows Power to men. It is evident in the unbalanced sex ratio at birth. We talk about women empowerment so much, are we empowering women?
Theme of World Population Day 2020
“How to safeguard the health and rights of women and girls now” amid the pandemic is the theme of this year’s World Population Day.
Now the question arises what can be an effective and realistic solution against overpopulation? we must invest in education and raising the status of women. The spread of education changes the outlook of People. Educated men prefer to delay marriage and adopt small family norms. Educated women are health conscious and avoid frequent pregnancies and thus helps in lowering the birth rate. There is still discrimination against women. They are confined to four walls of the house. They are still confined to the developing and bearing of children. So women should be given opportunities to develop socially and economically free education should be given to them.