On Wednesday, after the recommendation of the World Health Organization (WHO), the United Nations Commission for Narcotic Drugs voted to remove Cannabis and Cannabis resin from the list of most dangerous Narcotics drugs in Vienna which can have a negative impact on its use for the medical purpose and research.
Out of a total of 53 member states, India along with other 26 member states voted “Yes” in the favour of UN. The UN Drugs Agency said that it had voted 27-25, with one abstention, to remove the Cannabis and cannabis resin from the Schedule 4 of the 1961 Convection on Narcotic Drugs, where it is listed with Heroine, opioids, morphine, and several others drugs, following the WHO recommendation and include in schedule 1 convection.
The convection has classified over 100 drugs in 4 schedules based on their effects on the body and their addiction. Schedule 1 contains drugs that are most addictive and harmful while schedule 4 contains drugs, particularly with dangerous properties.
India, although didn’t have any explanation of vote, although according to sources India found that medical use of cannabis quite promising but still the recreational use of cannabis will be illegal and banned. Other 25 countries including China, Pakistan, Iran, Japan, Nigeria, Singapore, and Russia opposed this and voted “No” and there was one abstention – Ukraine.
Cannabis also known as Marijuana, is a psychoactive drug that is obtained from the Cannabis plant. The main constituent of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). As per the study of WHO, cannabis can have therapeutic effects on nausea and vomiting in the advanced stages of AIDS and cancer. Other therapeutic uses of cannabinoids are the treatment of asthma and glaucoma, as an antidepressant, appetite stimulant, and many more.
In 2019, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended removing extracts and tinctures of cannabis from the Schedule 4 convection and include it in the schedule 1 convection.
“Adopting WHO’s recommendation would lead us to better medications being developed and more tools for doctors to alleviate suffering while simultaneously reinforcing the UN’s relevance” as quoted by the UN Drug Agency. They also added that currently, over 50 countries including Canada, Uruguay, and 15 US states have legalized the use of cannabis for medical purposes and recreational use.