Anonymous, a cyber activist movement created in 2003, declared a Cyberwar against the aggressive Russian regimes. The group tweeted that the Anonymous collective is officially in a Cyberwar against the Russian government. The websites of the Russian government, President, and state Duma lower house of parliament were intermittently unavailable for users in Russia and Kazakhstan. Numerous government websites reported an error in the past several days. The group is believed to hijack sites and channels to show pro-Ukraine content.
In recent times, the group has claimed credit for several cyber incidents, including an error in services. A site unreachable due to fake traffic, and brought down government websites of Russia.
On the other hand, cyber activity against Ukraine has stopped giving signals despite the widespread predictions that a Russian military assault on the country would be combined with digital shock and awe.
Who is the “Anonymous Group”?
Anonymous is not an organization but a decentralized and non-hierarchical movement. It was officially launched in 2003 and gained popularity in 2008. They have a logo, a motto, and a mask. Earlier, they have supported other organizations and movements such as Black Lives Matter, Occupy Wall Street, and Wikileaks. They were also heavily criticized after the death of Michael Brown in Ferguson, 2014.
One of the famous works is Project Chanology. A series of computers were hacked in the streets of over 100 cities around the world. Its targets in the past have included the CIA, the Church of Scientology, and the Islamic State, and although the collective was left reeling by several arrests in the US in the early 2010s, it revived activity after the murder of George Floyd. One former Anonymous member has described its guiding principle as “anti-oppression”.
Anonymous is believed to be an underground set of very savvy people who know computer science and the way the internet works. On the one hand, they have ample stability and coherence, and on the other hand, they really can change depending upon a new media event or where they want to take themselves in the future.
Cyberattacks on Ukraine
On February 23, 2022, hackers natively from Russia declared an influential malware against targets in Ukraine. The outbreaks happen to target Ukrainian government and telecommunications facilities, including the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and about the theft and destruction of data.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine came before several weeks of cyberattacks, consisting of attacks that publicized a fake note and then erased the data. These attacks were part of a multi-year movement of the cyber battle against Ukraine, which included attacks on fractions of the country’s authoritarian grip.
The Ukrainian government has called on the Ukrainian hacker community to sustain the country by protecting computer systems that control crucial infrastructures like the power and administration grid.
USA’s Stand to this Cyberattack
According to Biden’s address, the US can and will launch cyberattacks on Russia — but only if Russia attacks the US first.
“If Russia pursues cyberattacks against our companies, our critical infrastructure, we’re prepared to respond,” Biden said, adding that the government has been working with the private sector “for months” to prepare for Russian cyberattacks and respond to them.
Nonetheless, the cyber dimension to the Ukraine conflict has been low-key up to this point. Ciaran Martin, professor of practice at the Blavatnik School of Government at Oxford University and former head of the UK’s National Cyber Security Centre, says cyber has played “remarkably little part” in the conflict, at least so far.
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