There are lots of traditionally strong heritages that we witness today generally, but among them, apart from the ones that still have the traditional popularity and respect, some have lost their importance. States like Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Sikkim, Tripura, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, West Bengal, Odisha etc. border the eastern boundary of India. For we know that Hindustan, is the country of sadhus, traditions, rich cultures, teachings that stem from this, which make us as the deeply rooted nation that we are. While some of these have survived, other folktales haven’t.
Manjusha is thought to be India’s sole art style that is shown in series, each symbolizing a different storey. Anga Pradesh is where this art form began (modern-day Bihar). They only created things for the Bishahari festival, which was held in the district of Bhagalpur and was dedicated to the snake god. During the British administration in India, this art blossomed. However, by the middle of the twentieth century, it had begun to go away.
Santhal Paintings include simple topics such as music, weddings, harvests, and daily rituals, but the colours and artists’ imagination bring the banalest to life. In the Santhal Paragana, on the border of Bihar and West Bengal, a distinct community known as Jadu Patua or magic painters creates these tribal paintings. Handmade paper is sometimes backed by a cloth-based canvas by the painters. In most tribal artworks, natural vegetable-based colours are used for paint. Paintings by Santhal are remarkable, yet they are becoming less and less relevant, derived by modern-day advancements.
Due to a lack of a platform for selling their works, artists nowadays are turning to other sources of income. If you walk on the age-old streets of the sites with religious importance and heritage, you might find these art forms flourishing and quite several shops that sell them, but it is just up to those few places.
Each year on February 18th, Kala Kumbh is held to honour India’s art. The exhibition is held in cities such as Bengaluru, Kolkata, Chennai, and Mumbai, organized by the Ministry of Textiles. It brings together maestros of various forms to honour art that has received the Geographical Indication or GI. However, there is still much more that can be done to conserve the dying arts.
The Dancing Girl of Mohenjo-Daro is one of the earliest and most famous examples of Dokra art. These products have been in high demand and are well-known around the world. However, there is concern that this art form will be lost as the number of artisans/tribals practising it decreases.
Artists in middle-age Bengal used burnt clay Terracotta to create temples, dwellings, and artefacts. Bishnupur, in the Bankura region of West Bengal, has some exceptional specimens
Dance forms, folklores, tribes
The word “chauu” is thought to derive from the Sanskrit word ‘chaaya’ (shadow). This is a legendary dance form based on Ramayana and Mahabharata episodes. Odisha, Jharkhand, and West Bengal are known for their tribal martial arts dances. During Chaitra Parva’s spring festival, this regional dance form is showcased.
According to legend, Gotipua succeeded the famed Odissi dance, and its roots may be traced back to the devadasi tradition’s demise. ‘Gotipua’ means ‘single lad’ in English, and it comes from a hamlet in Odisha named Raghurajpur. Young boys come dressed as girls until they reach maturity and give praises to Lord Krishna and Jagannath.
The dance was traditionally performed to provide a safe passage for the spirits of mothers who died after childbirth, so that they may securely reach the home dwelling. Cheraw dance, on the other hand, is now performed on any occasion.
This traditional Mizoram folk dance is sometimes referred to as “bamboo dance.” On the ground, bamboos are arranged in cross and horizontal patterns. Female dancer’s step in and out of the crossed and horizontally laid bamboos as male dancers move the bamboos to the beats.
Indian folk tales amuse people of all ages with wonderful yarns about friendship, morality, and philosophy, ranging from turtles who talk too much, jackals and mangos, to tigers and laughing fish. The fascinating and enduring folk history of India is full of cunning tricksters, devious villains, and valiant heroes.
“The knowledge they contain is valuable and cannot be replaced once lost.” The widespread exploitation of traditional knowledge justifies their inclusion in any legal framework that protects it. Folk music serves as a means of archiving history by preserving information about significant events in the past, in addition to providing amusement.
This list has been divided into five broad sectors in which Intangible Cultural Heritage manifests itself, as defined by UNESCO‘s 2003 Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage:
Language is a channel for the Intangible Cultural Heritage, including oral traditions and expressions
—Social customs, rituals, and festive occasions
—Nature’s and the Universe’s knowledge and practises
-Craftsmanship in the traditional sense
Sangeet Natak Akademi (SNA), Centre for Cultural Resources and Training (CCRT), Kalakshetra Foundation, Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, National School of Drama, Sahitya Akademi, and Lalit Kala Akademi are among the Ministry of Culture’s institutions dedicated to preserving and promoting India’s traditional cultural heritage.
They also provide scholarships to children, youth and adults who are trained in various forms of art/dance by undergoing scholarship exams to promote and encourage co-curricular interest amongst the students. Everywhere.