As we all know, The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is the government of India’s most important cleanliness campaign. At India Gate, Shri Narendra Modi led a cleanliness commitment that was signed by over thirty lakh government employees from throughout the country. He also kicked off a walkathon on Rajpath, surprising everyone by joining in for more than a few steps, marching alongside the participants for a considerable distance. The Swachh Bharat Abhiyan has evolved into a ‘Jan Andolan,’ with widespread public backing.
Citizens have also shown up in big numbers to pledge for a cleaner and more orderly India.
After the introduction of the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, sweeping the streets, clearing up the waste, focusing on sanitation, and keeping a healthy atmosphere has become a habit.
People have begun to participate and are assisting in the spread of the idea that “cleanliness is next to Godliness.”
The rural sanitation initiative began on October 2, 2014, when the country’s sanitation coverage was reported to be 38.7%. Since the mission’s inception, more than 10 crore individual toilets have been built, resulting in rural areas in all states declaring themselves ODF as of October 2, 2019.
Let’s have a look at how successful the First Swachh Bharat Mission was.
According to the report, 31.83 lakh toilets were built between April 2014 and January 2015, accounting for 25.4 per cent of the 2014-15 objectives. As of May 2015, 14 organisations had agreed to build 3,195 additional toilets, including Tata Consultancy Services, Mahindra Group, and Rotary International. In India, 71 public sector undertakings sponsored the construction of 86,781 new toilets as of the same month.
the world’s largest sanitation programme has influenced the access and use of toilets for hundreds of millions of people.
Since the mission began,
- 500 million people have stopped defecating in the open, down from 550 million at the start to less than 50 million today.
- The Mission has resulted in the construction of over 9 crore toilets in rural India.
- Over 5.5 lakh villages and 615 districts, as well as 30 ODF States and Union Territories, have been declared ODF.
However, there have been several instances where the heavily publicised campaign has failed to meet its objectives. To end open defecation and implement a better solid waste management system, the one-year target for urban areas was to complete the construction of 25 lakh individual toilets, 1 lakh community and public toilets, achieve 100% waste collection and transportation in 1,000 cities, and 100% waste processing and disposal in 100 cities. Only 20-25 per cent of the target for toilet construction has been met, while garbage management results are even worse.
The Prime Minister has launched Swachh Bharat Mission 2.0: Here’s all you need to know.
Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban (SBM-U) 2.0 and Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 were inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Friday at the Dr Ambedkar International Centre in New Delhi. The Swachh Bharat Mission-Urban 2.0 and the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation 2.0 were created to realise the goal of making all of our cities “Garbage Free” and “Water Secure.”
The Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry’s Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) would be given a second round of funding. We intend to focus on complete faecal sludge management and wastewater treatment, garbage source segregation, reduction in single-use plastic, reduction in air pollution by effectively managing waste from construction and demolition activities, and bioremediation of all legacy dumpsites to improve urban India’s swachhta [cleanliness].
The Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) 2.0 would be executed during a five-year period, from 2021 to 2026, with a budget of Rs.1.41 lakh crore.
This will be a continuation of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), with the following components for financing and execution in all statutory towns, namely,
- Sanitation is long-term (construction of toilets).
- Wastewater treatment, including faecal sludge management, is required in all ULBs with a population of fewer than one lakh people (this is a new component added to SBM-U 2.0).
- Management of Solid Waste
- Communication, Education, and Information
- Increasing Capacity
PM Modi announced the plan through a video conference. In launching the initiative, Prime Minister Modi stated that the duty for boosting the sanitation campaign has now been passed on to the next generation.“Our objective is for every community to be litter-free,” he stated.
Modi went on to say that every day, the country gathers millions of tonnes of rubbish.
Cities have been littered with trash mountains. He stated that the waste will be treated and that the garbage heaps around cities would be entirely eliminated.
The following results are anticipated:
- ODF+ certification will be obtained by all statutory towns.
- All statutory towns with a population of less than one lakh will be ODF++ certified, and half of all statutory towns with a population of less than one lakh will be Water+ certified.
- All statutory towns shall be at least 3-star Garbage Free certified, in accordance with the MoHUA’s Star Rating Protocol for Garbage Free Cities. Bioremediation of all legacy dumpsites will be completed.